Experts estimate the gap between Lebanon’s energy supply and demand to be as much as 1 gigawatt. The residential sector represents 30 percent of total electricity consumption, according to The First Energy Indicators Report released by the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC).
The residential building sector is followed by the commercial sector, which accounts for 27 percent of demand, then by the industrial sector (19 percent), and health and education (16 percent). Demand for electricity within the residential sector has increased by more than 87 percent since 2009. Cooling and dehumidification combined constitute 40 percent of the total electricity demand from households. This is followed by lighting, which accounts for 31 percent of total demand.
Zahrani and Selaata IPP Projects
Solid Waste to Energy System Project
Lebanon currently has a maximum electricity-generation capacity of 2000 megawatts (MW), far less than the 2017 summer peak demand of 3400 MW. In the coming year, the government could license almost 1200 MW of new electricity-generation capacity. Of those megawatts, 400 could come from the construction of clean, renewable energy. Wind power would generate up to 200 megawatts in a blustery area in north Lebanon, and solar photovoltaic (PV) could produce up to 180 MW across different parts of the country.